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Have you ever wondered what the tallest office buildings in London are? The city of London with its skyscrapers and towers built by carpenters and joiners creates an impressive skyline, but which of the buildings is actually the tallest? Here is a top 10 countdown beginning with the shortest of them all.
Bringing up the rear we have 10 Upper Bank Street. This building is 151 meters tall and is where Clifford Chance, the World’s largest law firm is to be found. With 32 storeys’s this structure could by no means be described as “petite” however. It was designed by the architectural firm of Kohn Pedersen Fox and built by Canary Wharf Contractors.
There is a bit of a tie between the next two on this list as they both are 153m high. 40 Bank Street in Heron Quays shares this accolade with its close neighbour 25 bank street. Both these buildings were designed by famed architects Cesar Pelli and Associates and built by Canary Wharf Contractors.
40 Bank Street forms an architectural composition with the neighbouring 50 Bank Street. and are linked at ground level by an atrium, known as the East Winter Garden. – The curtain wall is of glass and metal with cladding of Brazilian granite.
So onto 25 Bank Street. This skyscraper was previously occupied by Lehman Brothers until the company went into administration in September of last year. It is now home to a variety of companies and here’s a bit of trivia – the top floor glows green throughout the night apart from one minute every hour when it changes to purple.
Just nudging ahead is One Churchill Square. Also jostling for space in Canary Wharf, Barclays Bank are proud to call this skyscraper home. It is 156 meters high and designed after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the building is constructed around four staircase columns with a large, central column containing the lifts and toilet facilities. The building manual states that there is enough room in these columns to contain everyone who works in the building, in the event of a security alert.
Next we have The Broadgate Tower. This was completed only recently and adds an impressive addition to the skyline. It took several years to build and longer than anticipated too. The cost of construction was £240 million. It was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and developed by British Land.
The Gherkin (30 St. Mary Axe) comes in next at 180m tall. This impressive building was bought in 2007 by IVG Immobilien AG and UK investment firm Evans Randall in a joint purchase for £630 million. The Gherkin is said to use only half the energy of similar sized office tower.
Closely in front we have Tower 42. This was originally built for the NatWest Bank and therefore previously called the NatWest Tower. Seen from above it does resemble the bank’s logo. Now however it is occupied by numerous different companies and has been renamed in reference to the number of floors it has. It is 183m high. The tower, designed by Richard Seifert and engineered by Pell Frischmann, is located at 25 Old Broad Street. It was built by John Mowlem & Cobetween 1971 and 1979, and opened in 1980, costing a total of £72 million (approximately £222 million today).
The next 2 buildings on the list are again in joint positions as they are both 200m high. First comes the Citigroup Centre. Within the 200m structure you will find 170,000m2 of floor space spanning 45 floors. The Citigroup Centre is actually 2 buildings merged together – 33 Canada Square and 25 Canada Square. It is 25 Canada Square that ensures this building’s place on the top 10 list.
Next comes 8 Canada Square, the HSBC headquarters. This was, in 2007, the first building to be sold in the UK for more than £1 billion but then later sold at a loss of over £200million. The tower was designed by Sir Norman Foster’s team of architects. Construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002.
Dwarfing them all however, is One Canada Square proudly standing at 235m high. It is 50 storey’s high and has become one of London’s trademark features. Currently this skyscraper has the title of tallest building in the UK, although this is shortly to be overturned when The Shard is completed in 2012.
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